Pearl Guinea is the most popular color of domestic Guinea Fowl found on farms throughout North America. The domesticated Guinea originated from the wild Guinea in Western Africa. Guinea Fowl are some of the most useful and hardy domesticated land fowl in the country, and their wide range of utility and low to zero maintenance once mature have helped them become increasingly popular throughout countrysides across North America in recent years.
As Lyme Disease, a tick born illness, has become more and more prevalent in the Eastern United States, many farm owners with livestock and family have turned to Guinea Fowl to help eradicate the danger. Guineas are especially known to immensely enjoy snapping up ticks out of tall grass where they tend to thrive and pose threats to dogs, children, and livestock nearby.
Guinea Fowl are also known for their alert behavior and vocal nature. Guineas are said to be effective at warding off hawks, rats, foxes and snakes with their cry; helping to protect not only themselves, but other chickens, ducks, or geese, on the farm that are prone to attack by predators.
Once raised from young, Guineas will pretty much live wild and roam free once mature, but since they are territorial, they will stay in close proximity to where they have been raised. Guinea Fowl also are an excellent bird to harvest for its meat, tasting almost identical to pheasant.
For more extensive information on the benefits of owning a flock of guineas, tips and tricks for raising and breeding guinea fowl, and other helpful information check out this article from Mother Earth News: Raising Guinea Fowl: A Low-Maintenance Flock