How do I care for a pet duck in the Winter?

care for a pet duck in the winter

Many people ask us, “how do I care for a pet duck in the winter months?”

Given the outdoor nature of a ducks and other waterfowl, the winter can pose some threats to your pet’s well-being.  However, with some simple preparation and care, your pet ducks or even ducklings can thrive and love the winter months.

Here are some guidelines to follow-

  • Shelter – Even in the harsh winter months, ducks are capable of being outside. The key is that you must provide them the heat source which will allow them to get warm if they need to.  Essentially, you should either provide a shelter that the ducks can freely move in and out of (such as a Rubbermaid Shed), or you should bring them in every night into a garage or shed.

care for a pet duck in the winter

  • Insulation – Any shelter you create should be well insulated, have adequate duck bedding , be windproof, and be waterproof.  Also, if you have a pen or shelter that the ducks will have free access to, the doorway should not be open. A rubber flap or something in line with a doggie door works great stop heat loss due to draftiness.
  • Shelter Size – Depending on the size of your flock, the size of the shelter should be small enough that the collected heat of the ducks will warm it, but large enough to provide the animals with freedom of movement and the ability to escape the heat should they get too warm.
  • Heat Lamp – An artificial heating source such as a heat lamp works wonderfully to provide the ducks and other farm fowl with warming spot.  However, there are a few things to keep in mind when using this method –
    • LiveDucks recommends a 75-100 watt of the standard variety, ceramic type, or infrared type.
    • Ensure the heat lamp is out of all animals’ reach, and is not near any flammable materials.
    • Make sure the ducks can escape from the heat lamp area (without going outside), should they get too warm.
  • Dryness – Even though ducks are inherently waterfowl, it is vital that they are capable of drying themselves to stay alive. This is especially true during the winter time. Again, it is key to make sure there is adequate, clean and dry bedding available for them. You should change this often (once / day) to prevent mold buildup which is especially hazardous during the winter.
  • Breed Hardiness – Many of the types of ducks that are available as pets are domestic breeds that are very hardy during harsh winters. The Pekin Ducks or Rouen Ducks, for example, are large enough such that they will survive quite well. If you have a smaller breed such as Call Ducks or Mallard Ducks, you may need to take extra winter precaution in colder climates.
  • Ventilation – Make sure the air inside any shelter doesn’t become trapped or stagnant. If you are using a smaller shelter this can be hazardous.  Small air holes combined with good insulation are key to achieving the right balance of heat and fresh air.
  • Ponds – Pet Ducks will still enjoy bathing and splashing in ponds just like during the Summer. There are some deicing solutions available which will keep your pond area liquid if you would like to provide this comfort. Also, for small ponds, a pond heater may work wonderfully. recommends a company called Pond Solutions for small pond heating and deicing.
care for a pet duck in the winter
Ducks still love the water in the cold, and they will love access to ice free water

Ducks and other waterfowl are like other animals in that they have adapted to their climate and to all weather that they are naturally exposed to. However, keep in mind that your pet duck is most likely a domesticated breed. Much of their survival characteristics have been bred out over hundreds of years to make them a strong farm fowl.

Finally, do not let a harsh Winter intimidate you or keep you from ordering a pet duck. One of the main hatcheries eFowl uses is near the frigid Winters of the Canadian border, and the ducks still thrive as healthy as ever. Like most aspects of pet ownership, simple research and preparation will trump any extreme conditions that you may encounter.

51 thoughts on “How do I care for a pet duck in the Winter?

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    • Pam says:

      I’ve been feeding a alone duck outside in mi. He is starting to fly will he make it he lives in a sewer ruin off and nobody will help me .get him . I can’t keep him have a dog and I am sick . I have call Ed around and nobody care. He comes to me when I feed him someone with a net could get him.please help and will he fly away he has no other ducks around him.

  3. Tish says:

    Hi to all here !
    This info has been more helpful than the Ohio Dept of wildlife ! I live in an apartment have been enjoying it Pekin duck All summer on the lake behind me have been worried about the winter it’s now upon us… This duck along with another duck I haven’t identified species yet— are hanging out sitting on the ice that is formed on the lake… I’m concerned because I don’t see open water for them to drink and I have sprinkled out bird seed but they haven’t discovered it yet because they’re in the middle of the lake. I’ve thought about building a shelter but I hear things like they need a door of the flaps open I don’t have the tools to do that Baby pool idea —won’t that freeze also?
    Expecting 3 to 5 more inches of snow so that could create a problem for them any ideas would be most helpful

    • Joanne says:

      Did you ever receive a response? I have had a Pekin duck turn up on our pond that we go to during summer. Unfortunately he would be by himself during winter with no one to feed him. I was considering making a shelter but there would be no heat. Did anyone respond to your query? Not sure what to do either

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  6. Diana Cohen Robinson says:

    Live in San Francisco so extreme cold weather is not an issue with my two Pekins, Piotr and Peaches. But I do love my ducks and take excellent care of them! They have a duck house and they go to bed each night at 5:30 as it is very dark in winter here. Wood shavings on the floor of their duck house changed each day and if I’m not home, they are closed in a screened area with plenty of room for wandering, but secure from predators during the day. I enjoy reading all your stories and wish you all good luck with your duck pals!

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  8. Becky says:

    We raised two Mallard ducks this summer, a male and a female. We have a small pond behind our house and they spent most of their time there. They left in the beginning of September, and we thought they left us for the winter. At the beginning of December the male returned, though I was happy to see him I’m worried he may not survive the winter. There are pumps in the pond keeping the ice away for the most part but I’m just not sure how long I can convince the Home Association Board to keep them on for him. How long will he survive if they keep them on but temperatures drop to below zero? We don’t feed him and he doesn’t have shelter – he just sleeps in the pond. I’m open to the possibility of feeding him and trying to get him to come in at night for warmth if that’s what you suggest. What is my best next step?

  9. Jamie says:

    Hi. My name is Jamie. I am fr Bristol CT. for the last few months I fell in love with these 3 peking ducks. They live in this pond around the corner from where i live and I am concerned for there health during the winter. I go to the pond twice a day to feed them an check up on them. Will they survive? I was thinking about bringing them to my home an use a baby pool for now. I am upset and don’t know what to do. Can please someone guide me in the right direction on what I should do for these precious peking ducks.

    • Melody O'Callaghan says:

      I don’t know if anyone has answered your question or not. I’m no expert but I own 3pekin ducks that I bought on April 1st of this year as ducklings so as a new duck owner, and this being their first winter, I have concerns too. My husband built a duck house for mine that I put straw in. I literally have to pick my ducks up in the evenings before dark and put them in there to keep them safe and warm, then let them out in the a.m’s. They are used to this routine and yet still run from me at bedtime, I’m guessing bc they’d rather not be locked up, so I give them treats at bedtime to make bedtime a little less undesirable to them. So I’m wondering if you did decide to bring them home, are you going to be able to catch them? Have a way to transport them home? A safe place to lock them in at night like a shed or garage? If so, I’d suggest taking them home. Supply them some straw for bedding. I’d say someone dumped them at that pond bc they are not wild ducks. Wild ducks can fly south for the winter but pekins don’t. They’re too heavy to fly. They need shelter and protection not just from the extreme temps but from predators such as raccoons and hawks. You have a good heart. I’d be the same way as you. I’m a sucker for animals. I wish you luck and I truly hope the ducks find a good home with you. I buy kiddy pools for mine. They love to bathe even in the cold temps. They also need to eat well, not bread, crackers, chips etc. Mine love canned green beans, peas, fresh cut up tomatoes, hard boiled eggs (chopped up shell and all) and cheese plus their usual daily food I buy from tractor supply. Wish you all luck.

  10. Stephanie Sommerio says:

    I have two Pekin ducks and I was wondering if anyone has ever used the heating pads for chickens for winter? I live in Illinois and I want to make sure they stay warm for winter.

    • Kirsten says:

      I live in northern Minnesota; I have chickens, pekins, mallards, and magpies. I have a coop with straw on the floor for them to cozy up in, a heat lamp or two, food, and fresh water. I also styrofoam the windows. I’ve never lost an animal due to the weather, and in northern Minnesota we have HARSH winters. However, eggs do freeze and crack if they are not collected daily.

    • Cyndie says:

      I live in NW Pa. My girl, Dolly, has had run of yard for most of summer. Only time penned when we have to give koi a break and clean pump. Cold tonite. Put her her in lg parrot cage on porch. I have a cage inside where I can put her when colder.

    • Tina says:

      Chickens do not need heating pads that is too dangerous for a fire hazard. If your coop is insulated and you have straw and shavings in there for them ad their rosin bar are 2×4’so they can tuck their feet under heir bodies it helps to keep them warm and they snuggles next t one another and provide body heat that way. Chickens are pretty hardy and so are Pekins, we have both and they do well with no heat. Just make sure you have plenty of straw or shavings, or both deep method that will help too. You can also close up some of the windows or ventilated areas just make sure they have ventilation because they need it to stay healthy and to breath in less of the ammonia from the poop. Heaters and lights are dangerous for birds, fire hazard and they need to be natural in laying. They need a break in the Winter, ours keep laying but it does slow down and that’s OK Their bodies need to be natural for the health of all your bids. We live in Nevada temps can go below freezing or be at freezing, and we can get some pretty nasty snow storms here too, but mainly we have serious wind and that make it even colder. Covered runs and coops are the key for optimum health. Also feeding corn or scratch grains before bed helps to keep them warmer and treats like oatmeal they love. Extra goodies like kale and black oil sunflower seeds, squash, pumpkin, chicken, fish, eggs, the protein is very goo for our chickens health al yea round but specially in the Winter months. Good luck!

      • piedcat says:

        If you look at the old Agricultural Extension School studies from the early 20th Century, they show that most poultry need a dry place to rest and good ventilation more than heat. You feed them extra cracked corn and they put on body fat and burn it when the weather is colder. Ducks need liquid water to clean their sinuses and help them eat dry food — I was taught that they need to dunk their heads at least once a day. I used to have ducks that insisted on living out on pasture with weather-hardy livestock — picking up spilled grain. I took hot water out to them and they would dunk their heads with pleasure! If you provide them with heat and running water and heating pads, then they become totally reliant on those things — becomes a problem with the power goes out for long stretches.

    • Alan Stone says:

      Hi Nicole,

      Ducks are very cold hardy and should survive the winter with proper housing. Most importantly, you would want to provide some kind of insulated shelter as well as fresh drinking water at all times.

  11. Meg says:

    Any advise re three ducks and addressing “pecking” order? I successfully introduced the two newbies when they were old enough this spring and the three had a good summer together. But now the older male is chasing the other male away from food. Charging etc and attacking him. NE law said I had to buy in twos and not know the sexes then. Obviously I wouldn’t have chosen another male. We have a duck house for them to live in this winter when the pond freezes. But I’m concerned the older male will kill the younger. Will he? Or just bruise him up?

    • Lena says:

      I have raised an abandoned duck for the past summer. Pee Wee is scared of the other ducks and I’m an emotional wreck because I cannot keep Pee Wee in the house for the quickly approaching harsh winter months. I have tried to introduce PeeWee to the other ducks but he turns his back to them and literally shakes. Please help! I don’t know how to get Pee Wee to assimilate to being a duck in a flock instead of a loner living under our deck!

  12. Kim Borders says:

    Someone left 3 white domestic ducks at the lake in our county park, there is a deck that I crawled in under and left a pile of straw to keep them warm. Will they survive Indiana winters like this or should I bring them home and winter them in my garage with my ducks?

  13. jenny says:

    only just read this. it’s my first year with my runners.
    been worried as to what to do in winter, just might put
    small straw bales around the outside of my ducks house
    using a stake thro bale into the ground. then cover house
    and bales with tarpaulin, leaving air vents free. I also
    use thick cardboard from boxes to line floor anyway. started
    doing that a month ago. and cover it with straw. adding fresh
    each day. works well its never damp as there is a main material
    type cover between card and straw. I seem to have happy ducks.
    butch.snowy. charlot.annabell. and muddy.

  14. cindi &chris says:

    I have had my 11 ducks since early spring…so this is “our” first winter together. Is it better to use hay or pine shavings for winter bedding?

  15. Dawnn Webb says:

    i have heard straw is good for ducks , but can i buy wood chips from pet store ,or should i find a saw mill? heat lamps in his kennal scares me can i use something lower it for lizards or in that type? he is living in extra large dog taxi at night so nothing can get him..we have hugh pond along with creek he will not get in pond but will get in creek and his baby pool. is this normal?

  16. Rita Fox says:

    Hi ! I have 2 adorable ducks. We found them on the side of our road about 7 weeks ago. They are very friendly and we love them. They have a beautiful pond to swim in and we have a sturdy outside building for them at night. I am concerned about the cold winter temps here in PA. We put bails of straw in their house and I know they are fine for now….I worry about 10 degrees and colder nights. I know you suggested like a heat lamp….but it scares me that it may get too hot and start a fire with the straw in there. Any other suggestions to keep them warm and it would be safe ? Thank you so much.
    Rita and Allen Fox

    • Dora Carbonaro says:

      HI ! I read your post and it’s sounds simpler to my situation my husband brought me Pekin home for Easter this Duck is name lucy she is adorable she’s living outside my house for now, she doesn’t leave the area. My worries are the same. Winter months.. Unfortunately i live in an apt …..outside there is grass lawn , i put a baby pool out for her. Everyone around knows her & loves her,but still worried. Not sure but thinking to buy her duck diapers and bring her in for the winter months.

    • Anonymous says:

      My magpie/ancona mix duck just hatched 8 ducklings…. she does have a small shed with dry hay, food and water for her and the ducklings… however, i am afraid that the weather is too cold for them to be outdoors… will she keep them warm enough? i live in central mass. and right now the temps have bee approx 60-70 during the day and dropping to 50 at night..maybe a little colder…

    • Ron Ettinger says:

      Hi Rita >

      Just read your 12/2010 comment regarding the two ducks you found on the side of the road.

      How did that work out ?

      My wife and I have a preschool on a hobby farm site near St. Paul, MN.
      We have several ducks that we care for year around. Love to exchange some notes with you regarding your experience with your ducks. I would love to keep my pond open for the ducks during the winter but have not yet found a way to do that with temps that sometimes drop below 10deg below – probably not unlike your winter temps in PA.


    • ariel p says:

      Hi Rita, I too have 2 ducks myself, and we also use straw/hay as bedding to keep them warm. However, we do also use sawdust that we have bought from the pallet shop that my friend works at. This has worked very well for us. We use a scooper (such like the one that’s used to clean litter boxes, it looks like a shovel but has holes in it) to clean the wet areas and this allows the dried sawdust to return back down in their bedding and has been helpful to clean their pen without necessarily redoing the entire pen over again. The sawdust acts as an absorbent for any water residue and their feces. Also, it lays flatter on the base of their pen so it’s much lower, while the hay/straw tends to stand up here and there and can become closer to the light/heat lamp which could become a fire hazard. Hope this works, and hope you find this idea useful. Good Luck

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